Macro/Finance Group, NIPFP

How to Modernise the Working of Courts and Tribunals in India

How to Modernise the Working of Courts and Tribunals in India, Pratik Datta, Mehtab Hans, Mayank Mishra, Ila Patnaik, Prasanth Regy, Shubho Roy, Sanhita Sapatnekar, Ajay Shah, Ashok Pal Singh, Somasekhar Sundaresan. NIPFP Working paper 258, March 2019.

Indian courts are clogged with large backlogs. Part of the reason for the problem is that cases take a very long time to move through the courts. The slow progress of court cases is harmful for the Indian democracy and economy.

We suggest that part of the reason for the backlog is the poor administrative support available to judges. Following several Supreme Court judgements, we propose that a separate organisation (The Indian Courts and Tribunals Services, ICTS) be set up to facilitate administrative functions.

Care needs to be taken while designing ICTS to ensure the protection of judicial independence. The functions of ICTS would also involve a re-engineering of the business processes of the courts to take full advantage of modern technology.